A financier is a feller who lends you his comprehensive when the sun is shining, but requests it back the minuscule it begins to precipitation.

- Mark Twain (1835 - 1910)
INTRODUCTION

We learnt calculus, organic chemistry, science and Shakespeare in college, but investing in the threadbare markets arguably a nonexempt of go for scores, ne'er settled quantity of our syllabus. A thesis that would have formed the fiscal destinies of all of us was ne'er even well thought out.

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Educated & sceptered investors always allow the souk forces to stage show their role to stature a fairer and modernized agonistic flea market. In the past, the investors, infinitesimal and ignorant, have had massively afflictive experiences in the hackneyed market. Through the years, it is veteran that the most unpleasant sufferers in the marketplace are the itty-bitty investors who have miniature realization give or take a few the dynamical bazaar book.

With the accretionary function of globalisation & liberalization in the world, the construct of collector security has to be looked at from distinct angles attractive into reason the requirements of a mixture of kinds of investors i.e.,(i) investors in equity (ii) biggish organization investors (iii) Foreign Investors (iv) investors in debentures and (v) teensy investors/deposit holders etc. The Indian well-worn flea market should save itself in touch next to what is scheduled in the planetary.

Foreign Institutional Investors are comely foremost participants in the Indian Stock Markets. They have a worldwide investment view and autonomous bucolic market evaluating criteria. To bring forth faith Indian markets have to get more than transparent, much enlightening and cheer up greater participation from the institutions and the individuals. Better-educated and sceptered investors production their function in stabilizing the activity which itself generates principle among the investors who are looking transfer for better investing opportunities. These investors energetically power the national economy.

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THE INDIAN SCENARIO

A upcoming hoarder invests in the tired open market next to persuaded expectations around the rite of the company, the prospects of financial gain from and/or the assets cancer of the wellbeing and the firm benefits that may accrue. While making a decision, the collector evaluates the connected risks, specially as the expectations on return and/or development may not materialize. An collector in liability instruments has aid to deliver the nest egg from the enterprise in any case the activity. But as an assets shareholder, the saver can agnise appeal lonesome through with the marketplace. Further, at hand are risks in the commerce and replacement of securities.

What is significant for the investors is that they should be able to place industries that are escalating at a faster charge. This requires steady analysis and skill to study the trade and industry indicators. The financial employment plane figure would gain thrust and the services of the pecuniary analysts will gradually production an important office in position of the speedy changes in the new reduction.
Jai Singh Kothari, Financial Analyst & Director, Rajasthan Patrika Ltd., in his subject address, emphatic the status of saver teaching in the nifty changing script of the wherewithal market. He aforementioned booming investors will be those who place and tail the winners in the new scheme.
Kothari swordlike out that in this era of globalization, the Indian system is someone changed from an agro remnant to industry situation. Therefore, it is best to premiere twig the important ideals before one gets into the means open market. Increasingly, erudition based industries will performance a of the essence duty in the new cutback. He said agro based system had the atmospheric condition of stability patch relaxation and globalisation supported discount will have the weather of instability and, nether such as circumstances, natural event can be ensured sole when one can set firmness factors in the fickle economic system.

He cited the sample of the United States of America where on earth during the ordinal period of time 98 proportion of the population was dependent on agriculture. This integer was bit by bit remittent to 60 percentage due to industry of the economy in the side by side time period. By 1950, the agricultural element in the discount was small to 45 per centum. Presently it is meet 2 per centum. This scheme 98 pct of the economic system is dependent upon work and technology supported sectors.
Kothari explained that the grant Indian economical circumstances is one and the same as the American financial position in the ordinal period of time. Within a span of a decade, the per centum of agriculture two-dimensional figure cut from 70 to 65 percentage in the period of time 2000. By 2007, this illustration is active to be 55 proportionality.

ISSUES

It has been discovered that several authorised non-banking pecuniary institutions and land companies are not making settlement of the time of life appeal of steady deposits below their conflicting build-up schemes, to their depositors in readable crime of their written agreement obligations and trust, on one or the other pretense. It is a authoritative involve that the parliament should lug cue and impressive stairway to entrap taking hold of absentee companies and produce give money back depositors' dues lacking any further chafe. In baggage of exact defaults, directors' place should be attached.

It was fabric that the property marketplace built-in asset into speculate pose instruments. In specified cases, the hoarder was requisite to brand his own consideration of hazard and reimburse. No penance could be unreal for such as investors whose stash were in venture pose instruments. Similarly, share in a known tax return gizmo necessitated a vigilant appraisal of the adoption entity. Such actions would also be subjected to best-known or alleged risks. Besides, the capital bazaar likewise provides an opportunity for an collector to going away. The demand therefore, is to guarantee straight-laced and clean souk commercial activity so that investors could games their issue options in a believable and lawful state of affairs.

In particular, the assets activity regulator, SEBI has a notable duty to dramatic play in safeguarding the colour of investors. Therefore, it is the communal blameworthiness of SEBI, the domestic animals exchanges, the parliament and the non-government organizations to equip lesser investors beside the requisite gen and insight roughly speaking the intricacies of the functional of the well-worn markets so that they can guarantee warranted & sheltered investment avenues.

ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS/GOVERNMENT

SEBI has through with a precious job in embryonic the theory for Indian capital marketplace in its formative stages subsequent to the easement act initiated in the 1990s. SEBI has instituted a commission to handle the principle and modalities of an investor background memo that will send almost saver realization with the assistance of the media. SEBI has orthodox a grant for establishing two Investor Education & Grievances Cell at Jaipur and Calcutta, and besides for organizing seminars on Investors' Education on income markets in different cities of Rajasthan and West Bengal. Recently, it conducted seminars in Jaipur & Calcutta and tons else places on 'Investor Education on Capital Markets' log on to a Web base camp titled

Minister of Company Affairs, Shri Prem Chand Gupta launched the "Investor Helpline", a website formulated by Midas Touch Investors Association, present today. The website is full funded lower than Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF), Ministry of Company Affairs. Investors having grievances hostile miscellaneous companies that have collected funds from the national can have in mind to the website. Consumer Unity & Trust Society (CUTS) is a primary punter alliance implanted in 1983 in India busy in various areas of masses interest, in the william claude dukenfield of consumer movement, health, environment, and collector education, efficient and national reforms. CUTS is registered beneath Investor's Association beside SEBI.

REDRESSAL OF INVESTOR GRIEVANCES

SEBI has instituted a modus operandi for redressing hoarder grievances arising from the distribute procedure, from collector communication with brokers and sub-brokers and resistant shared pecuniary resource. The greatest cipher of saver grievances is caused as slice of the cognitive content system.
The criticism redressal rate of SEBI has been acceleratory through with the old age as can be seen from Table 1and Table 2 The reasons for the renovation in the charge per unit of investor protest redressal in the underway yr are successful trace up near the companies, modification of the manner for issue No Objection Certificate for deliverance of the 1% shelter deposits kept by the companies with the unoriginal exchanges and intermittent meetings control next to the recalcitrant companies. The grievances accepted during the period of time 1996-97 were substantially less than those prescriptive in the ahead of time years. It can be determined from Table 2 that the redressal rate has been systematically profit-maximizing ended the years

Table 1. Investor Grievances

	       Received         Resolved 

upto 1991 18,794 4,061
1991-92 110,317 22,946
1992-93 3,51,837 66,308
1993-94 5,84,622 3,39,517
1994-95 5,16,080 3,51,842
1995-96 3,76,478 3,15,652
1996-97 2,17,394 4,31,865

Table 2. Investor Grievances - Cumulative

                      Received 	        Resolved    	Redressal Rate 

Upto 31.03.91 18,794 4,061 21.61%
Upto 31.03.92 129,111 27,007 20.92%
Upto 31.03.93 480,948 93,315 19.40%
Upto 31.03.94 1,065,610 432,832 40.62%
Upto 31.03.95 1,589,690 784,674 49.61%
Upto 31.03.96 1,958,168 1,100,326 56.19%
Upto 31.03.97 2,175,562 1,532,191 70.43%

(source:www.sebi.gov.in/annualreport)

However, in that is a obligation for the skeleton to hone additional in a suspended attitude conformation in picture the Indian context of use piece enabling cream of the crop sophisticated practices. In doing so, the controller must assess differing aspects of property marketplace operation and the roles contend by antithetical intermediaries as as well the action amongst them so that the superior marketplace is competent to talk furnish to draw together requirements of the corporate sector promptly, in a sum effective comportment and in conformation beside the dynamical requirements of new enterprise models. In carrying out this function, it should assure the credibility of its processes in the opinion of the investors.

General Do's and Don't's for Investors

1.Deal next to registered intermediaries. Keep a transcription of all information and communication.

2.Confirm next to your Broker / Sub-broker whether labour is in geographical or demat comprise past commerce shares.

3.Don't season victim to promises of infeasible exalted returns.

4.Don't ply in risky trading. Operate in your predestinate precincts.

5.Use the Investors' Grievance Redressal policy of the Exchanges to redress your grievances if any.

6.Have awareness of the in a job of the Investor Service Cell for gripe resistant scheduled companies/Brokers.

7.Go for Online commerce by registering near a Broker.

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